Teens Oral Health 13-17 Years

Take Control of your Oral Health. Teeth are for life!

For Fresh Breath make a habit of brushing your teeth and be aware of what you eat and drink. It's easy to forget that everytime we eat or drink something containing sugar, it causes a reaction in your mouth. Foods, fluids and saliva mix together and produce deposits of bacteria and the hidden, almost colourless sticky bacterial film plaque in your mouth breaks down the sugars and produces acid. This acid then attacks teeth and gums and dissolves the surface of the enamel underneath the plaque, to cause tooth decay and gum disease.  If tooth brushing and flossing are not a regular habit, then plaque can buildup, and harden and form 'tartar'. It is not removed by rinsing with water and can cause permanent damage.


Always brush twice a day, at bedtime and one other time for 2- 3 mins using a soft/medium toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste (at least 1,000 ppm), and change your toothbrush when the bristles are worn. Floss daily and if you wear braces, brush thoroughly every tme you eat. It's a good idea to bring a travel toothbrush to school. Ask your dental team for advice on technique. Here's a useful video on flossing.


  • Choose healthy snacks and drinks between meals such as whole fruits and limit sweets, chocolate, biscuits, probiotic and yoghurt drinks and sugary drinks to mealtimes only.
  • Unflavoured milk and water are the best drinks. Milk will aid muscle recovery after exercise. Avoid high sugar sports drinks.
  • Limit pure fruit juice or fruit smoothies to a small glass once a day, with a meal and always choose unsweetened.*
  • Read food labels for sugar content. Less than 5g per 100g is low sugar.
  • Regular intake of carbonated drinks, including sparkling water, can lead to enamel erosion of the teeth and should be avoided.

    *Fruit juices are an important source of vitamins in the diet. However, they should be taken with meals for two reasons. The frequent consumption of these can lead to enamel erosion and although pure juices may not contain sucrose they are rich in fructose and can also be cariogenic (cause tooth decay). As fructose in whole fruits pose little or no threat to dental health, whole fruits rather than fruit juices/smoothies should be consumed between meals.

Oral Piercings... did you know?

Mouth and tongue piercings can lead to infections, chipped or cracked teeth and damaged gums. Oral piercings can be trend setting but they can be dangerous to your oral health as your mouth contains millions of bacteria, and infection and swelling can occur around the piercing.  Consider the health effect a piercing can have on your mouth before you commit to getting one. Possible risks of oral piercings (particularly tongue piercings) may include:

  • Infection.
  • Chipped or cracked teeth - the long-term use of tongue jewellery also causes tooth abrasion, when the jewellery is hitting against the teeth
    gum damage.
  • Nerve damage (resulting in loss of sensation in the tongue).
  • Interference with speaking and swallowing.
  • Potential blockage of airways due to excessive swelling.
  • Excessive drooling.

We recommend that you have a chat with your dentist when considering an oral piercing as it can have an impact on your oral health and quality of life.

Sports and your oral health

Playing sports can be a great way make new friends, have fun and of course get some exercise!  Wear a mouthguard when playing sports to help reduce the risk of dental injuries. If you play a contact sport (hurling, camogie, football, rugby boxing, hockey etc) you can be at risk of a dental injury for e.g. a fractured, cracked or knocked out tooth. Mouthguards can protect you from these injuries.

Tooth braces

Some people have problems with crowded or crooked teeth or with incorrect bites (malocclusion). Sometimes the problems are inherited, for example, missing teeth or extra teeth, while other problems are caused by factors such as thumb sucking or early loss of baby teeth.  Crowded, crooked or prominent teeth are usually treated with braces which can be either fixed (train tracks) or removable. Straight teeth are easier to keep clean and less susceptible to tooth decay and gum problems. If you wear braces, make time to keep your teeth and braces clean, brushing thoroughly every time you eat. Top Tip: Carry a travel toothbrush!

Interdental brushes and floss are also very helpful in removing trapped pieces of food. This video on flossing with braces may be useful. Your dental team or orthodontist will be able to show you special techniques for cleaning your brace and to make sure your teeth and mouth stay healthy.